Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a very common condition, with a global prevalence ranging from 10% to 20%.
People with colon disease usually experience abdominal pain and changes in defecation, such as: irregular bowel movements, constipation or diarrhea.
Causes of irritable bowel disease:
– Intestinal motility disorder: It is a variety of movement disorders in the colon and small intestine, such as: diarrhea or constipation.
– Rectal fullness: or other parts of the colon with relatively small amounts of stool, which creates a relatively low gas pressure that may cause abdominal pain and the need to have a frequent bowel movement.
– Psychosocial causes: More than half of IBS patients suffer from psychological problems, such as: depression or anxiety.
Irritable bowel syndrome.
A common colon symptom is that the patient usually suffers from spastic pain in the lower abdomen. These pains are characterized by the following:
– The pain subsides after defecation.
– The pain increases when there is stress and psychological tension and after about an hour to two hours of eating.
– The pain usually does not appear at night.
-Patients suffer from constipation or diarrhea, sometimes with both problems.
– Many patients experience hard stools in the morning followed by more loose stools, often accompanied by mucous secretions.
– Another common complaint is a feeling of bloating in the stomach area.
Irritable bowel treatment.
In order to reduce the severity of the syndrome and relieve the symptoms of colon, a proper and appropriate diet, changes in daily life, and drug therapy should be combined if necessary.
1- Nutritional therapy
It is recommended to go to a nutritionist and draw up an appropriate diet menu while examining the different possibilities and the effect of different foods on the appearance of symptoms.
There is another group of food products known to cause gas and bloating for many people, which includes the following foods:
The following are also recommended:
– Follow a diet rich in fiber (between 20-30 grams per day): Dietary fiber helps prevent constipation, but it may increase the severity of diarrhea and gas, so it is preferable to eat it in small quantities and then gradually increase the dose.
– Drinking more (especially water): You should drink 8-10 cups of fluids daily. It is not recommended to drink caffeinated or soft drinks.
– Consult your doctor: It is important to emphasize that before making any changes in the diet, you should consult a doctor and a nutrition counselor.
2- Lifestyle change
– Eat regular, steady meals: Multiple small meals throughout the day may relieve diarrhea, and large meals rich in fiber relieve symptoms of constipation.
-Regular physical activity: to regulate bowel activity as well as relieve stress.
– Avoid psychological tension as much as possible: If tension is already present, it should be tried to be treated by psychotherapy, various relaxation treatments.
3- Drug therapy
If diet and lifestyle changes are not sufficient, sometimes drug therapy is needed. The recommended treatment varies depending on the symptoms of the disease.
Therefore, it is important to consult your doctor to find the right treatment for your condition.